Scottish National League (1929–1954)
In its inaugural season, the league's 10 teams started by playing in a Points Competition. The five top teams in the standings went on to play in the First Division, while the bottom five finishers formed a Second Division. The Glasgow Mohawks won the First Division and became the first Scottish champions.
The 1930-31 season began with nine teams, Doonside having disbanded over the off-season. The Canada Cup was introduced as the league championship trophy. It was donated by a Canadian club that had played at Crossmyloof Ice Rink the previous year.
The league's membership remained at nine for 1931-32, but dropped to eight the following year as the Achtungs merged with Bearsden to form the Glasgow Bears and Glasgow Skating Club was incoroporated into Glasgow University. A new team, known as Juniors, was formed and was restricted to players aged 18 and under.
Queens folded prior to the 1933-34 season and the Glasgow Bears followed suit a year later, leaving six teams remaining in the Scottish League. The Dennistoun Eagles, Juniors, and the defending-champions Bridge of Weir were disbanded after the 1934-35 season. To account for the losses, two new teams - the Glasgow Mustangs and Glasgow Lions - were formed.
The Scottish National League finally expanded beyond the confines of Crossmyloof Ice Rink for the 1936-37 season, with the formation of the Perth Panthers, who played at Central Scotland Ice Rink. The league, which had been strictly amateur at its outset, saw the first signs of semi-professionalism creep in this year, as Perth paid small "expenses" to obtain Canadian imports. A new rule, stipulating that the first place team was required to finish at least three points ahead of any challengers, or face a playoff, was introduced this year.
A second team in Perth, the Perth Black Hawks, joined the Scottish National League in 1937-38. The two Perth teams, aided by their semi-professional players, finished first and second in the league, with the Panthers coming in three points ahead of the Black Hawks.
The transition to semi-professionalism was complete by 1938-39, as the league further expanded, admitting the Dundee Tigers, Falkirk Lions, and the Fife Flyers, all of whom paid to acquire talent from Canada and England. Three teams folded prior to the season, the Glasgow Mustangs, Glasgow Lions, and the Perth Black Hawks. With the extensive amount of roster and team changes, the Points Competition was re-introduced this year to serve as a "settling in" period prior to the commencement of the league championship for the Canada Cup.
Further changes ensued for 1939-40, the final season played prior to a six year hiatus due to World War II, as the Ayr Raiders and Dunfermline Vikings came aboard, while the Glasgow Mohawks and Kelvingrove disbanded. This marked the end of Scottish National League hockey at Crossmyloof Ice Rink. The Points Competition was once again contested to begin the season, followed by the league championship. The Canada Cup was retired as the championship trophy prior to the season. Due to the effects of the war, regulations on player movement were relaxed this season.
It was suspended during the Second World War, but returned in 1946. Membership remained mostly unchanged, save for the addition of the Paisley Pirates. End-of-year playoffs were also introduced, with the teams vying to win the Anderson Trophy. The Bairns Trophy was also introduced as a consolation event for teams who failed to qualify for the playoffs. It served this function through the 1951-52 season.
The league was split into Eastern and Western Sections for the 1947-48 season. A new team, the Glasgow Bruins, entered the league this year. The divisions reunited the following year after the demise of the Bruins. Between 1948-49 and 1951-52, the regular season champions were awarded the Coronation Cup.
Membership remained unaltered until the 1952-53 season, when the Edinburgh Royals were admitted to the league. The Dunfermline Vikings withdrew prior to the 1953-54 season, which was the last season of the Scottish National League.
- 1930: Glasgow Mohawks
- 1931: Kelvingrove
- 1932: Glasgow Mohawks
- 1933: Bridge of Weir
- 1934: Kelvingrove
- 1935: Bridge of Weir
- 1936: Glasgow Mohawks
- 1937: Glasgow Mohawks
- 1938: Perth Panthers
- 1939: Dundee Tigers
- 1940: Fife Flyers
- 1947: Perth Panthers
- 1948: East Division - Dundee Tigers, West Division - Paisley Pirates
- 1949: Fife Flyers
- 1950: Fife Flyers
- 1951: Paisley Pirates
- 1952: Ayr Raiders
- 1953: Ayr Raiders
- 1954: Paisley Pirates
For additional information, see the article on the Anderson Trophy.
- 1947: Dunfermline Vikings
- 1948: Dundee Tigers
- 1949: Falkirk Lions
- 1950: Falkirk Lions
- 1951: Paisley Pirates
- 1952: Falkirk Lions
- 1953: Ayr Raiders
- 1954: Falkirk Lions
- Frozen in Time: The Lost History of Scottish Ice Hockey 1895-1940, William S. Marshall (2014).
- Glasgow Herald newspaper archives
- A to Z encyclopaedia of ice hockey
|Scottish National League seasons|
|1929–30 - 1930–31 - 1931–32 - 1932–33 - 1933–34 - 1934–35 - 1935–36 - 1936–37 - 1937–38 - 1938–39 - 1939–40 - 1946–47 - 1947–48 - 1948–49 - 1949–50 - 1950–51 - 1951–52 - 1952–53 - 1953–54|
|Competitions in Scotland (1929-1956)|
| Major Competitions
Scottish National League (1929-1954) - Points Competition (1929-1940) - Mitchell Trophy (1929-1939) - Scottish Canada Cup (1931-1954) - President's Pucks (1933-1939) - Coronation Cup (1937-1953) - Scottish Cup (1939-1955) - Anderson Trophy (1939-1954) - Scottish League Flag (1946-1947) - Scottish Autumn Cup (1947-1953) - Scottish Amateur League (1955-1956)
Airlie Trophy (1939-1953) - Alexander Trophy (1940-1951) - Association Cup (1949-1950) - Bairns Trophy (1939-1953) - Coronation Tournament (1937) - Fife Championship (1949-1951) - Silver Jubilee Cup (1948-1951) - Simpson Trophy (1938-1956) - West of Scotland Challenge Cup (1949-1955)
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